Gray Leaf Spot
Northern Leaf Blight
Gibberella Ear Rot
All scores of integrated refuge products are based upon the major component
All Brevant products are hybrids unless designated with AM, AMXT, SX, SXE, and Q in which case they are brands.
Ratings denoted with an asterisk (*) reflect preliminary data subject to change when additional data becomes available
Product performance in water-limited environments is variable and depends on many factors such as the severity and timing of moisture deficiency, heat stress, soil type, management practices and environmental stress as well as disease and pest pressures. All products may exhibit reduced yield under water and heat stress. Individual results may vary.
IMPORTANT: Trait rating scores provide key information useful in selection and management of Brevant® brand products in your area. Information and ratings are based on comparisons with other Brevant brand products, not competitive products. Information and scores are assigned by Corteva Research Managers. Scores are based on period-of-years testing through 2022 harvest and were the latest available at time of printing. Some scores may change after 2023 harvest. Scores represent an average of performance data across areas of adaptation, multiple growing conditions, and a wide range of both climate and soil types, and may not predict future results. All products within a hybrid family receive the same score unless observations indicate a significant difference. Individual product responses are variable and subject to a variety of environmental, disease and pest pressures. Please use this information as only one component of your product positioning decision. Refer to www.brevant.ca or contact your sales professional for the latest and most complete listing of traits and scores for each Brevant brand product and for product placement and management suggestions specific to your operation and local conditions.
1 TECHNOLOGY SEGMENT:
AM - Optimum® AcreMax® Insect Protection system with YGCB, HX1, LL, RR2. Contains a single-bag integrated refuge solution for above-ground insects.
AMXT (Optimum® AcreMax® XTreme) - Contains a single-bag integrated refuge solution for above- and below-ground insects. The major component contains the Agrisure® RW trait, a Bt trait, and the Herculex® XTRA genes.
Optimum® AcreMax® XTreme products are approved for cultivation in the U.S. and Canada. They have also received approval in a number of importing countries, most recently China. For additional information about the status of regulatory authorizations, visit http://www.biotradestatus.com/ or visit https://seedinnovation.ca/hybrid/ to review the EU approval status for specific hybrids marketed in Canada.
LL - Contains the LibertyLink® gene for resistance to Liberty® herbicide.
RR2 - Contains the Roundup Ready® Corn 2 trait that provides crop safety for over-the-top applications of labeled glyphosate herbicides when applied according to label directions.
Enlist Duo® and Enlist™ 1 are the only 2,4-D products authorized for use with Enlist™ crops. Consult Enlist herbicide labels for weed species controlled. Always read and follow label directions.
ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready® crops contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides. Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate.
2 CRM (Comparative Relative Maturity): There is not an industry standard for maturity ratings so comparing product maturity and harvest moisture ratings between companies is usually difficult. Use the CRM rating to compare Brevant® brand products with competitive products of a similar maturity and harvest moisture. CRM ratings, and harvest moistures, for products within a family may vary slightly, depending upon the level of insect (ECB and CRW) infestation. Conventional and straight products with the RR2 gene within a family will usually be 1-2 CRMs earlier than indicated, when insect infestations are moderate to heavy. One CRM difference is about ½ point of moisture difference at harvest.
3 PHYSIOLOGICAL CRM: Measures differences in maturity to zero milkline stage. To help decide if a new product fits your area’s growing season, compare its physiological CRM to a product that you plant or one that is successfully used in your area.
4 MID-SEASON BRITTLE STALK: Ratings determined by frequency and severity of stalk snappage at lower to middle stalk internodes from conditions usually favored by rapid or optimum growth. Relative response of products can be affected by planting date, stage of growth, rate of growth, wind severity and other variables. Scores derived from both natural observations and artificial evaluation immediately prior to tasseling. NOTE: Scores do not reflect snappage enhanced by or due to herbicide interaction. The use of growth regulator herbicides such as 2,4-D and dicamba can increase the brittle snap potential of corn products. Products with lower brittle stalk ratings will require more caution and have a higher risk associated with the use of growth regulator herbicides. Early application, proper rates and application methods, along with both product and herbicide selection can help reduce this risk. BRITTLE STALK PRECAUTION: In areas with higher potential for brittle stalk breakage, growers must balance the risk of planting products with brittle stalk ratings of less than 4 against the overall performance of more resistant products with higher ratings. All products have a period of susceptibility to brittle stalk. Products with below average ratings may have a longer period of susceptibility, or may experience more severe breakage relative to products with higher scores during period of susceptibility.
5 STRESS EMERGENCE: All products are expected to establish normal stands under average soil conditions. Stress emergence is a measure of the genetic ability or potential to emerge in the stressful environmental conditions of cold, wet soils or short periods of severe low temperatures, relative to other Pioneer brand products. Ratings of 7-9 indicate very good potential to establish normal stands under such conditions; a rating of 5-6 indicates average potential to establish normal stands under moderate stress conditions; and ratings of 1-4 indicate the product has below average potential to establish normal stands under stress and should not be used if severe cold conditions are expected immediately after planting. Stress emergence is not a rating for seedling disease susceptibility, early growth or speed of emergence.
6 DROUGHT TOLERANCE: Drought tolerance is a complex trait, determined by a platform's ability to maintain yield in limited-moisture environments. A higher score indicates the potential for higher yields vs. other platforms of similar maturity in limited-moisture environments.
7 GRAIN DRYDOWN: Compares products of similar maturity for rate of moisture loss during grain drydown. A higher score indicates faster drydown. A lower score indicates slower drydown, or a wider opportunity for silage and high-moisture corn harvest.
8 TEST WEIGHT: Higher score indicates heavier test weight.
9 PLANT HEIGHT: 9 = Very Tall; 1 = Short.
10 EAR HEIGHT: 9 = High; 1 = Low.
DISEASE PRECAUTION: Grower should balance product yield potential, product maturity and cultural practice selection against their anticipated risk of a specific disease and need for resistance. In high disease-risk conditions, consider planting products with at least moderate resistance ratings of 4 or higher to help reduce risk. When susceptible products with disease ratings of 1 to 3 are planted in conditions of high disease pressure, the grower assumes a higher level of risk. If conditions are severe, even products rated as resistant can be adversely affected. Independent of yield reduction, diseases can predispose plants to secondary diseases such as stalk rots. This requires individual field and product monitoring for stalk stability and timely harvest when warranted.
DISEASE & PEST RATINGS: 8-9 = Highly Resistant; 6-7 = Resistant; 4-5 = Moderately Resistant; 1-3 = Susceptible; Blank = Insufficient Data.
11 GRAY LEAF SPOT PRECAUTION: Avoid planting products with a lower gray leaf spot (GLS) rating in continuous corn fields that have a history of GLS infection, unless tillage operations that bury significant amounts of corn residue and inoculum are practiced.
12 NORTHERN LEAF BLIGHT CAUTION: In conditions where northern leaf blight (NLB) risk is high, growers should consider planting only products with at least moderate NLB resistance ratings of 4 or higher.
13 GIBBERELLA EAR ROT CAUTION: Ratings based upon visual symptoms at harvest. If Gibberella ear rot has caused significant damage in the past, growers should consider planting only products with at least moderate Gibberella ear rot ratings of 5 or higher.
14 TAR SPOT CAUTION: Tar spot scores reflect the relative sensitivity of the hybrids evaluated. Products with higher scores pose lower risk of severe disease development. In areas with tar spot pressure, consider using products with higher tar spot ratings. In addition, consider the use of fungicides labeled for use on tar spot when the disease is present. As more evidence is collected, suggested score minimums for high-risk conditions will be developed.
15 SILAGE CRM (Silage Comparative Relative Maturity): With no industry standard for silage maturity, comparing maturity and harvest moisture across various companies’ corn-for-silage hybrids can be difficult. Brevant silage CRM ratings provide a relative comparison among Brevant® brand products of rates at which products reach harvestable whole plant moistures. It is on the same scale as the CRM rating provided for grain corn products and does not represent actual days from planting or emergence to harvest moisture or half milkline.
16 SILAGE YIELD: Based on whole-plant yield per acre (adjusted to 35% dry matter) from multi-year comparison with other products within a maturity range not exceeding 5 silage CRM units.
17 STARCH AND SUGAR, %: Percent starch and soluble sugars (DM basis) in the whole-plant sample predicted by NIRS.
18 FIBRE DIGESTIBILITY: Based on 30-hour rumen-fluid based estimate of the percent of ruminally degradable neutral detergent fiber (NDF) as a percent of total NDF in whole-plant samples, predicted by NIRS. Brown MidRib Corn hybrids are designated with “B” since NDFD30 averages 6-8 percentage points higher than non-BMR silage hybrids. To optimize fiber digestibility, growers should consider use of BMR Corn hybrids.
19 SILAGE CRUDE PROTEIN: Based on the amount of crude protein in the whole plant, predicted by NIRS.
20 MILK PER ACRE/BEEF PER ACRE: 9 = Outstanding; 1 = Poor, based on University of Wisconsin MILK2006 utilizing silage yield, nutrient content and digestibility.
21 MILK PER TON/BEEF PER ACRE: 9 = Outstanding; 1 = Poor, based on University of Wisconsin MILK2006 utilizing silage nutrient content and digestibility.